A guide for employers using temporary and contract staff who is responsible: Hirer, client or employment business?
As the hirer you carry the prime responsibility for the health and safety of a temporary or contract worker supplied by an employment business whilst working on your premises or using equipment or substances provided by you. Prior to an assignment, when briefing the employment business, you should inform them of any specific risks or hazards identified by your own routine risk assessments plus the steps you take to prevent or control such risks; your rules regarding smoking at work; any requirements for long or unusual working hours; and the specific skills or knowledge requirements for the job.
You should also provide a copy of any written health and safety policy statement prepared for your own employees. The employment business has a responsibility to pass on your information to the prospective temporary workers and to ensure that the worker is suitable for the assignment. However once the temporary worker is assigned to you and at your premises, you have an obligation to ensure that the premises, access to and from and any equipment or substances provided for their use do not expose them to any risks to health and safety.
A key requirement of health and safety legislation is the obligation on employers to conduct regular risk assessments of all the work place activities, of whatever nature. It is the risk assessment that should identify potential problems with the environment regarding issues such as fire safety, noise, dust and fumes, lighting, sanitary facilities and refreshment provision. Specific risk assessments should be undertaken in respect of machinery and equipment, processes, chemicals and agents, moving and handling items.
The risk assessments provide the information necessary to compile written guidance to employees and workers on the safe operation of equipment, machinery and plant, and on the use and handling of chemicals and other agents. They will also provide the information needed to ensure appropriate training provision.
When any new worker arrives on your premises, temporary or permanent, you should ensure that someone is responsible for explaining the layout of the premises, identifying the toilets, kitchen facilities (if any) or other drink making facilities, and coat storage. Attention should also be drawn to the fire alarm mechanisms, fire exits and assembly point arrangements; the first aid provision; the accident recording arrangements and the smoking rules (if any).
Machinery, equipment and chemicals
You should not expect a temporary worker to operate any machinery or equipment, without them first being shown the correct and safe operational controls. Ideally there should be a written operating statement to which the worker can subsequently refer, if in doubt. Similarly, you should also draw attention to any special arrangements required, or risks arising from the use of chemical agents and substances.
Workers should not be asked to lift or carry items without instruction on safe methods of handling. Where possible arrange for heavy or bulky items to be split down to be moved, especially if moved across or through awkward areas like steep winding staircases.
You have a duty to ensure that computer workstations are well designed ergonomically. If a worker finds the working arrangement uncomfortable, do not hesitate to arrange modifications. Workers should be encouraged to take regular breaks of 5 minutes in every hour where they work permanently in front of a VDU. For your permanent employees working consistently with a VDU you are required to provide eyesight tests and glasses if prescribed.
Accidents and first aid Larger employers with over 50 employees are encouraged to appoint and organise the training of First Aiders in addition to the provision of a First Aid Box equipped to the specified standard. The requirements are more stringent on factory and warehouse premises than offices. All employers are required to provide an accident book, in which all accidents, however minor, should be recorded, including all accidents to temporary workers.
Reporting of accidents at work
It is the responsibility of the employer or the person in control of premises where an accident occurs to report all accidents which cause major injury to any person as a result of their work. If a temporary worker is injured on your premises it is your responsibility as the person in control of those premises to report it to the relevant authority on Form F2508 within 10 days.
Where you employ workers of child-bearing age you must carry out a general risk assessment to ensure that they are not exposed to harmful agents such as radiation, lead, or rubella nor are carrying out work that is prohibited such as underground mining. All female workers must be encouraged to inform you promptly in writing on becoming pregnant. In those circumstances both you and the worker have a responsibility to conduct a specific risk assessment, to avoid risks to the worker and her unborn child. The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare)
- Accident reporting and notification requirements to the HSE
- Working Time Regulations 1998: controls on the maximum 48 hour week, night arrangements, rest breaks and rest periods (The details are available in another leaflet in this series)
- Employers and Occupiers Liability insurance cover
- Electricity at Work Regulations 1989.
For further information please visit www.hse.gov.uk There is also a specialist helpline for all matters relating to these and many more health and safety topics: 0845 345 0055.
The health and safety of persons at work is of paramount importance, reflected in the increasing range and scope of legislation. Reputable recruitment firms will want to ensure that temporary and contract staff benefit from the protection offered by the legislation. To do that they require the co-operation of client employers hiring temporary workers.
We hope you find this information useful. It is of course only a brief summary of the main points of the directly applicable legislation and should not be relied upon by you as the only source of information on this subject.
It is your responsibility to inform yourself of your obligations and liabilities towards others. However please feel free to discuss the content and raise any queries with the REC member firms that provide you with temporary and contract staff.
Direct Response Employment services, 50, Fore Street, Trowbridge, Wiltshire BA14 8ES.
TEL 01225 776500 FAX: 01225 753931 email: firstname.lastname@example.org